TeleSupport India Repository

Solution Integrated Pest Management of Rice
Country India
Last update: 23/09/2006
Summary This GP mainly concentrates on different approaches for controlling pests of rice.
Contributed by person details Mr. Subhra Saikat Roy (CI, TeleSupport India)
Challenge/Issue Area coverage of rice is highest in West Bengal (in comparison to any other crops) and naturally a considerable amount of pesticide is used to protect the crop from insect and diseases. It is more so for the boro (winter season) rice which provides higher productivity. In most of the cases pesticide application is ritualistic and results in pesticide resistance or pests, environmental pollution and residue problems. Integrated approach of pest is expected to spell definite positive results considering the area coverage of rice in the state. At the same time, complete switch off of pesticide application may not sound promising in near future. An integrated approach to cope up with the insect pest problem in rice is, hence, a need of the hour.
Method 1.Selection of resistance varieties

2.Seed treatment with Carbendazim 50 WP (2 g/kg of seed ) and/or Streptomycin (1g/10 L of water or 1g/6.5 kg of seed)

3.Application of Carbofuran 3G (4.5 kg a.i./bigha) or Phorate 10G (1.6 kg a.i./bigha) in the nursery 7-8 days before sowing.

4.Timely transplanting in larger area at a time.

5.Split application of nitrogen, application of micronutrient.

6.Green manuring; application of organic manure.

7.Removal of weeds from the main field and bunds (bio-physical boundary of the field).

8.Removal of seedling tip before transplanting.

9.Pheromone traps against stem borer.

10.Gap of 2 rows after each 8-10 rows of seedlings to control Brown Plant Hopper.

11.Application of neem based pesticides like neem oil/extract.

12.Avoiding pesticide application during the early growth stage of the plant.

13.Recommended chemicals in extreme cases

Rice stem borer -
Chloropyriphos (1.5 ml/L of water)
Cartap hydrochloride (1 ml/L of water)

BPH-
Imidachlorpid (1 ml/7.5 L of water)
Thiomethaxom (1 ml/L of water)

Ear cutting Caterpillar -
Profenophos (1.5 ml/L of water)
Cartap hydrochloride (1 ml/L of water)

Blast-
Propiconazole (1 ml/L of water)
Tricyclazole (0.6 g/L of water)

Sheath Blight-
Validamycin (2.5 ml/L of water)
Hexaconazole (2 ml/L of water)
Lessons learned It has been found that the following varieties have considerable resistance against specific pests.

Rice stem borer - Ratna, Shashyashree, Bikash
BPH - Chaitanya, Pratibha, Manas Sarovar, Reshmi
Blast- Rasi, IR-36, Parijat, Shashyashree
Sheath blight- Pankaj, Swarna, Manas Sarovar
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 311 Agriculture
1.4 Target group(s) 1. Local communities
4. Research community
5. Decision makers/Policymakers
2.1 Production System 1. Mono-culture
Irrigated system
Rainfed system
2.2 Production Chain 2. Production & Management
2.3 Commodity group Food crops
2.4 Food Crops Rice (Oryza)
2.5a Agro-Ecology: Thermal zone 1: Tropical
2: Subtropics
2.5b Agro-ecology: Altitude zone Lowlands
Mid-altitude
2.5c Agro-Ecology: Moisture zone 2. Sub-humid
3. Humid
3.2 Pollution-Environmental Protection 8. Treatment & control
Telesupport Themes IPM
Stage Country Region Location
Apply India West Bengal All over the State
Role Person name
Owner/ originator person details Ms. Alida Laurense
Role Organisation Acronym
Network Organisation organisation details TeleSupport India Network TeleSupport India
Type Title Function Download
Extension leaflet, brochure, policy brief or poster output details IPM in Rice Description  
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