TeleSupport India Repository

Solution Home made pesticide preparation from fresh neem seeds (Azadirachta indica)
Country India
Last update: 08/12/2006
Summary Application of chemical pesticides has been causing manifold ill consequences to the agro-ecosystem and its natural functioning. Resource-poor farmers in the rabi season face the menace of various insect pests and have to incur huge cost for buying chemical pesticides. Neem pesticides can be domestically prepared and used in own fields which can control pest population to a great extent. It is also environment friendly and takes care of farmers’ health while spraying. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer, different aphids, diamond back moth of cabbage, thrips of chilli, Tryporyza of paddy and many other commonly found pests of vegetables can be effectively controlled by it.
forum discussion www.telesupport.org/simplemachines/index.php?topic=232.0 
Contributed by person details Dr. Rupak Goswami (CI, TeleSupport India)
Challenge/Issue Uncontrolled and non-judicious application of chemical pesticide has spelt vicious consequences on the agro-ecosystem. Some prominent ones are – development of pest resistance, soil and water pollution, health hazards of farmers etc. Moreover, the high cost of pesticide (including the neem-based biopesticides) is also often beyond the financial capacity of the marginal and resource-poor farmers. Especially, during the vegetable cultivation, this problems stands high as farmers, anyhow, are to protect their high value crops from pests.
Method COLLECTION OF FRUITS
• Keep polythene sheet/tarpaulin/clothes under the tree when fruits turn yellow (alternatively keep the place under the tree clean)
• Shake tree branches gently
• Collect fruits immediately (pesticidal action of fruits will be reduced if left unattended for more than 4-5 days)
• Avoid collecting brown/livestock trampled fruits

SEPARATION OF SEEDS AND STORAGE
• wash collected fruits by rubbing within palms inside a bucket
• Rub fruits on irregular or rough surface to remove the fleshy part from the seed
• Wash seeds thoroughly and leave to air-dry on jute bags
• Collect and keep dry seeds in bamboo basket/cloth bag to ensure free air movement (air tight condition may invite fungal attack)
• Seeds should be three months old before application. It won’t also be more than 8-10 months

PREPARATION OF EXTRACT
• Eliminate the seed coat and grind one day before spray (take care that oil do not come out during grinding)
• Keep the ground seeds in clean water for 6-7 hours
• Keep on stirring the water with a wooden stick until the mixture turns milk white
• Sieve the mixture by a clean cloth
• Add adjuvant with the mixture and spray on and below the leaves of affected plants @ 50-60 g/L of water at 10 days interval, particularly in afternoon hours.

APPLICATION
• Apply unused material in soil as manure; it will also control nematode infestation.

** Information provided by Dr. Abhijit Nandi, Dept. of Agril. Economics, BCKV, WB, India
Lessons learned - Resistance of pest is not developed
- A low cost alternative to chemical pesticides
- Can be prepared by using local resources
- Family labour is sufficient to perform it
- Helps in integrated management of pest
- The unused part can also be used as manure and nematicide
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 410 Environmental protection
311 Agriculture
1.2 Institutional dimension Social- livelihood systems/ Gender
1.3 Natural dimension Genetic Resources
Land/Soils
Water
1.4 Target group(s) 1. Local communities
6. General public/Opinion makers
2.1 Production System 2. Mixed cropping system
Irrigated system
Rainfed system
2.2 Production Chain 3. Pest & Disease Control
2.3 Commodity group Food crops
2.4 Food Crops Pea (Pisum)
Carrot (Daucus)
Potato (Solanum)
Brassica complex (Brassica et al. )
Rice (Oryza)
Eggplant (Solanum)
2.5a Agro-Ecology: Thermal zone 2: Subtropics
2.5b Agro-ecology: Altitude zone Mid-altitude
2.5c Agro-Ecology: Moisture zone 2. Sub-humid
3.1 Natural Resource Mgmt. Conservation & Biodiversity
3.2 Pollution-Environmental Protection 6. Pesticides & toxics
3. Ecosystems
1. Water
4. Human health
Telesupport Themes IPM
Stage Country Region Location
Apply India West Bengal All over the state
Role Person name
Describer person details Dr. Rupak Goswami
Describer person details Dr. Abhijit Nandi
Role Organisation Acronym
Network Organisation organisation details TeleSupport India Network TeleSupport India
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