Activity Disposal of Obsolete Pesticides including POPs, Promotion of Alternatives and Strengthening Pesticides Management in the Caribbean
Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Vincent/ Grenadines
Last update: 11/06/2018
Lead organisation organisation details Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries
Coordinator person details Mrs. Carmen Dijk van
Budget US - US Dollar 24,928,210
Project period 01/04/2015 to 01/03/2019
Countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Vincent/ Grenadines 
Summary The Caribbean Region consists largely of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in which tourism and agriculture are major revenue earners and important sources of employment. Shifts away from commercial production of commodities (sugarcane, bananas) have contributed to an estimated 200 tons of stockpiles of obsolete chemicals belonging to former commodity farms, which are beyond the capacity of the governments to dispose of in an environmentally sound manner. Of the 46 total stores already inventoried 14 present ‘High’ or ‘Higher’ hazard and environmental risk– these stores may be located near environmentally sensitive areas, near human settlements, or contain extremely toxic products. A number of these sites present contamination of soils in addition to the stocks of obsolete products, which governments have only recently begun to inventory and prioritize for remediation.
The use of pesticides in the region is characterized by use of older, hazardous products including many that are classified as “Highly Hazardous Pesticides” according to the FAO definition. Combined with the inappropriate conditions of use, including use of illegal or restricted products, pesticide application poses an important risk to the fragile island ecosystems, which are included in the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund listing of the world’s 35 diversity ‘hotspots’. The Global International Waters Assessment has noted that “the use of agro-chemicals within the agricultural sector is a source of significant damage to both surface and groundwater resources” and highlighted indiscriminate and improper disposal of agricultural wastes as a priority issue.
The legislation and regulations for the management of pesticides during their life-cycle in the Caribbean and participating countries are fragmented and at various stages of development and enactment. Some make provision for the implementation of requirements for international chemical management conventions. In some countries, legislation and regulations are non-existent. Pesticide regulatory authorities of Caribbean countries are coordinated through the CGPC, the main implementing partner for this project. The CGPC was established in 1987 to improve regional coordination, communication and action on pesticides management issues, and has repeatedly called for a harmonized legal framework for pesticides, including registration and inspection.
Background The mandate of FAO includes prevention and management of agricultural pests; safe distribution and use of pesticides including their disposal as governed by the International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management (2013); and the control of international trade in particularly hazardous pesticide formulations as governed by the Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent. A specific mandate from the FAO Council instructed FAO to assist countries in reducing risks from pesticides. In addition, the Plant Production and Protection Division of FAO (AGP) provides guidance on the Sustainable Production Intensification of Crops with a particular focus on ecological approaches as embodied in Integrated Pest Management (IPM), which is able to reduce reliance on chemical pesticides, and on migratory pest control, which has been a major cause of obsolete pesticide stockpiles.
FAO has operated a programme for the prevention and elimination of obsolete pesticides since 1994. The experience gained by AGP in the area of obsolete pesticide prevention and disposal is unique among the Intergovernmental Agencies. The FAO programme, that supports countries to deal with obsolete pesticides, is currently supporting activities in 60 countries.
AGP has been advocating IPM for over three decades through the FAO Regular Programme and extra-budgetary funding from various financial support sources. The Global IPM Facility, established in collaboration with the World Bank in the 1990s, was hosted in AGP and significantly boosted the dissemination and uptake of IPM in many countries.
FAO is therefore ideally and uniquely positioned to support its member states in the development and implementation of projects for the comprehensive, safe and effective management of pesticides, disposal of obsolete pesticides, and promotion of alternatives to hazardous pesticides.
Objective The project objective is to promote the sound management of pesticides in the Caribbean throughout their life-cycle in ways that lead to the minimization of significant adverse effects on human health and the global environment. Specific objectives of each component are to: safely destroy POPs and obsolete pesticides (Component 1); remediate pesticide-contaminated sites (Component 2); and establish mechanisms to deal with empty pesticide and other waste plastic containers (Component 3). As well as addressing the end-of-life cycle stage, the project aims to prevent wastes by interventions at earlier life cycle stages, strengthen the institutional and regulatory framework for managing pesticides through their life cycle (Component 4); and increasing the successful uptake of alternatives to the most hazardous chemical pesticides on key crops (Component 5). These five components are supported by a horizontal project management, Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) and awareness/communication component (Component 6) which will inform project execution decisions and create the necessary conditions for beneficiary knowledge and participation in project activities.
Expected results: To achieve the objectives indicated above, the project has been structured into six components and various subcomponents with their respective outputs as presented in Table 3 and described in more detail below.
Table 3: Components and Sub-components of the project Disposal of obsolete pesticides including POPs, promotion of alternatives and strengthening pesticide management in the Caribbean
Component 1:
Safe disposal of POPs and other obsolete pesticides and PCB
1.1 Regional risk reduction and disposal strategy
1.2 Safeguarding, centralization and destruction of obsolete pesticides
Component 2:
Technology transfer of methodologies for identification and remediation of contaminated sites
2.1 Capacity building of national authorities in remediation of contaminated sites
2.2 Remediation strategies and environmental management plans for pilot sites
2.3 Demonstration of implementation of remediation strategies for pilot sites
Component 3:
Development of systems for the management of empty containers
3.1 Pesticide container management options identified
3.2 Container management practices improved
Component 4:
Strengthening the regulatory framework and institutional capacity for sound management of pesticides
4.1 Model harmonized regulations provided to countries
4.2 Regional harmonized pesticide registration mechanism
4.3 Common system for inspection and control of imported pesticides
4.4 Sustainable financing for regional pesticide lifecycle management
Component 5:
Promotion of alternatives to chemical pesticides
5.1 Regional HHP use and risk reduction plan
5.2 Field demonstration of alternatives to HHP
5,3 Promotion of IPM
Component 6:
Monitoring and evaluations
6.1 Project monitoring system
6.2 Dissemination of project lessons learned
Setup and activities Funding: GEF allocation:
Governments: Antigua and Barbuda
The Bahamas
Dominican Republic
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
(Expected) Results The components are implemented simultaneous.
Under component 1: there was a shipment of container(s) filled with obsolete pesticides. Probably there shall be a follow-up of this component.
Under component 2: Soil samples were taken for analysis; the results of these samples are expected.
Under component 3: Now a pilot is going on in the district of Nickerie with recycling empty bottles. Recycling bins are places on 10 locations in this district. This component is in collaboration with the National Institute for Environment and Development in Suriname (NIMOS). The importers of pesticides are providing for the funds for this pilot. Next pilot will be the district of Wanica.
Under component 4: For Capacity Building 8 trainings are planned with for examples custum officers.
Under component 5; Looking for alternatives is a ongoing activity of the Ministry.
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 311 Agriculture
3.2 Pollution-Environmental Protection 7. Prevention & recycling
5. Wastes
6. Pesticides & toxics
7.1 Suriname-Districts Nickerie
Role Person name
Project leader person details Mrs. Carmen Dijk van