Activity IDB-Comp.: Agricultural Competitiveness Program
Country Suriname
Last update: 11/10/2018
Lead organisation organisation details Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries
Coordinator person details R. Nojodimedjo
Budget US - US Dollar 17,500,000
Project period 31/01/2016 to 31/01/2021
Countries: Suriname 
Summary IDB investment loan focused on strengthening 2 components of the agricultural sector:

Component 1 : Food Safety and Food Security
- 1. Animal health through establishment of a disease surveillance system, improvement of quarantine facilities for animals, formulation of protocols, training's for personnel in equipment and inputs for the veterinary laboratory.
- 2. Plant health through reorganization of phytosanitary services, establishment of a plague surveillance system and a traceability system, improvement of quarantine facilities, set up of a integrated border check points, formulation of protocols, training's for personnel in equipment and inputs for the phytosanitary laboratory.
- 3. Food safety through establishment of security, inspection and check systems, the establishment of check system for agriculture, the improvement of the GAP, set up of protocols, training for personnel in equipment and inputs for the residue laboratory, and an evaluation of the institutional architecture of the agricultural health and food safety system.

Component 2: Strengthening of agricultural innovation
- 1. Financing strategic adaptive agriculture research projects with the emphasis on the validation and transfer of technology.
Background The status of pest and disease control of Suriname’s agriculture and livestock is extremely vulnerable, as the laws, regulations, protocols, equipment and staff needed to enforce surveillance and control are not currently in place. Progress with Suriname’s agricultural innovation is also lacking. While there is a history of a solid plant breeding program in rice, the system as a whole does not have a good record of collaborative research and extension activities and limited linkages across national research entities and with international research centers. Moreover, apart from some past success in rice breeding, there is little evidence of publicly-funded transfer of new agricultural technologies. In addition, Suriname needs assistance to improve its pesticide management, control of imported pesticides, pesticide vendors, health safety issues, and disposal of obsolete or unused pesticides and empty containers. This approach combines the government’s priorities, feasibility of interventions, empirical evidence on the potential impact of these areas for agricultural productivity and competitiveness, and the need to diversify the agricultural sector in Suriname.

Project outline and structure:
The program has 2 main components:
a) Strengthening Animal Health, Plant Health, and Food
b) Strengthening Agricultural Innovation.

Details are as following:

Component 1. Strengthening Animal Health, Plant Health, and Food Safety

a. Animal Health
The proposed actions are to maintain and verify Suriname's sanitary status through a) the establishment of a disease surveillance system, b) improvement of animal quarantine procedures, c) formulation of protocols, d) staff training in risk assessment, new protocols, health and safety, e) improvement of public/private interactions and f) acquisition of equipment and supplies for the veterinary laboratory at the LVV headquarters (which will include a specialized wastewater treatment unit for liquid biological wastes, a treatment for solid pathological wastes and operation of an incinerator for other biological wastes).

Specifically, this sub-component will:
- Install an integrated information system
- Equip the veterinary laboratory and train staff - these actions will increase capability for monitoring such diseases as Brucellosis, Leishmaniasis, Newcastle, and Foot and Mouth. The necropsy unit will enable LVV to carry out more in-depth diagnoses of animal diseases.
- Strengthen the disease surveillance system through inspections, disease monitoring, and risk assessment
- Establish protocols for transport of animals to importer's in-situ quarantine facilities
- Establish an animal identification and traceability system (this will involve LVV tagging all cattle initially, while the farmers will do so in the future)
- Create and early detection and response system, which will include training of inspectors
- Update regulations
- Develop education campaigns aimed at maintaining the country's diseases free status by preventing exotic diseases and motivate the notification of suspicious event; and Organize and operate an accreditation system for private veterinarians and inspectors.

b. Plant Health
This part of the Program proposes to strengthen plant health through reorganization of the plant health service, establishment of a pest surveillance and traceability system (including a risk assessment to identify potential pests; and emergency response plans); improvement of plant import regulations and export certification; improvement of plant quarantine facilities at the airport; establishment of integrated border controls; formulation of protocols; staff training; and acquisition of equipment and supplies for the plant health/quarantine laboratory (already constructed in the Paramaribo port area). An incinerator for destruction of materials confiscated at the Johan A. Pengel Airport will be installed. Small consignments that are confiscated at the Nickerie and Albina border posts will be transported in secure containers to the incinerator at the airport. Large rejected consignments that arrive at the seaport will be returned to the exporting country, thus eliminating the need for quarantine or disposal facilities at this location. Some minor construction and rehabilitation of existing facilities for border controls will be funded. Aerial photos of the areas where new construction will take place and that show surrounding land use (Nieuwe Haven Seaport and J.A. Pengel Airport). These facilities are for control of plant material, processed foods as well as animals/animal products.

Other activities for plant health are:

- Establishing two "low pest prevalence" for carambola fruit flies in citrus producing areas
Fruit fly control will be accomplished through use of traps. The initial area to be established will be at Alliance Plantation in Commewijne. A possible second location in the interior is being evaluated.

- Improving rice quality
LVV will operate a rice quality and certification laboratory within the newly constructed "cluster laboratory" in Paramaribo. This Program will equip the laboratory.

- Equip the Plant Quarantine Laboratory and train staff
The new laboratory will have increased capacity in detecting diseases and pests and in determining the presence of genetically modified organisms in plant materials. It will have improved capabilities in entomology, nematology, microbiology and mycology.

- National pesticide management program
The Program will finance pesticide regulation formulation; development of a registration and tracking system and institutional support to the LVV Pesticide Division for carrying out its activities, including inspection, training, licensing and enforcement of pesticide distribution and storage facilities; developing multi-media pesticide awareness campaigns; and developing internal protocols for its operations. The Plant Health Sub-Component has included $284,000 (US) in its budget for this support, including equipment and a national consultant to work under the LVV Pesticide Division Director. The institutional support may lead to the establishment of a Pesticide Management Board which would receive applications for importation of pesticides, review pesticides information and labels, grant import licenses, register pesticides imported as well as the importers, set procedures for use, disposal and application of approved pesticides, train pesticides users, applicators and distributers and, promote and monitor compliance at all stages from application to disposal.

c. Food Safety
The goal of the subcomponent is that food safety services be improved, supported by a national Food Safety Policy, updated legal framework and a coordinating mechanism at the ministerial level. Strengthening food safety will be done through the establishment of a surveillance, inspection and monitoring system, establishment of a monitoring system for agricultural inputs, improvement of the good agricultural practices program, formulation of protocols, staff training, equipment and inputs for the pesticide residue laboratory, and an assessment of the institutional framework of the agricultural health and food safety system.

Specific activities include:
- Creation of a food safety entity in LVV that would be responsible for inspecting plants, meat and fish. Food safety legislation will include: registration of farms; slaughterhouse procedures; and hygiene, transport and storage of meat; standards for import and export of fresh meat; and appointment and requirements for official veterinarians (meat inspection) and meat inspection auxiliary staff.

- Development of national GAP standards and manuals (for crops, poultry, livestock, and aquaculture) that will become mandatory for producers and the development of a code of hygiene for fresh fruits and vegetables, meat processors and fish processors. Primary producers and processors will be trained in developing and implementing their food safety assurance system based on the GAP or hygiene codes.

- Development of procedural manuals for inspection of primary producers and processors. New meat and plant inspection staff will be hired and trained and 3 inspection units (plant, meat, and fish) will be equipped. The development of a quality assurance system (ISO 17020) for 2 inspection units and accreditation of the inspection units (meat and plant) are also proposed.

- Strengthening of the food safety laboratory (to be located in the newly constructed laboratory building at LVV headquarters in Paramaribo) through purchase of equipment and supplies as well as training for laboratory staff (including occupational health and safety training). Certification in ISO 17025 for relevant analyses, accreditation and validation of laboratory methodologies is also proposed. These actions will enable the laboratory to carry out more pesticide residue testing and testing or pesticide formulas to be imported into the country, as well as testing for antibiotics, among other analyses.

- Development of public awareness activities to educate the general public about food safety, as well as informing the private sector about different food testing services.

Component 2. Strengthening Agricultural Innovation
This component will fund strategic adaptive agricultural research projects, with emphasis on validation and technology transfer implemented in collaboration with national and international research and technology transfer centers.

The Program will fund seven projects:

- Project 1: Strengthening of the rice sector
To reduce yield losses and production costs, as well as the widespread misuse of pesticides, this project, to be carried out by Anne van Dijk' Rice Research Organization (ADRON) and LVV, will develop IPM strategies for managing weeds, fungal diseases, insect pests and pests that are problematic during storage. The IPM strategies will be tested in farmer's fields and once they are validated, farmers will be trained in the implementation of IPM.

- Project 2: Strengthening of open-field vegetable production
Yields of eggplant (boulanger), bitter gourd (sopropo), okra (oker), yard long beans (kouseband), chili peppers, tomatoes, and sweet potatoes will be improved by replacing the current, deteriorated seed stock with cleaner seed. At the same time farmers will be trained in how to save good quality seeds in order to slow down future deterioration. Improved production practices based on integrated crop and pest management will be developed, tested and promoted and may include validation of the use of bio- pesticides. This project will work with a Maroon women's cooperative in Brokopondo in the production of chili peppers.

- Project 3: Strengthening of protected vegetable production
In order to counterbalance the impact of climate change, agricultural production under protected circumstances (i.e. shade houses or semi - open greenhouses) will be an important solution. At the same time, the technology also helps to secure a more equal local supply of good quality vegetables year-round. 'Protected agriculture' technology is still relatively new to Suriname and requires a substantial amount of testing to determine what works best and is most cost-efficient under Surinamese conditions. The project will develop a "model" structure for use in the country and will test year - round production of lettuce and tomatoes. It will also develop Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) protocols for various crops and test heat tolerant varieties of certain vegetables. Farmers and greenhouse manufacturers will be provided with information about research results through meetings and publications.

- Project 4: Strengthening citrus production
This project aims at raising yields and spreading the supply of citrus production more evenly throughout the year. Yields will be improved by developing a supply of good quality planting material; validating and introducing new, improved varieties; and by informing and training farmers in appropriate production management techniques, including planting and proper pruning. Among the production management techniques will be validation of: (a) compost formula for citrus nurseries; (b) irrigation to facilitate out of season production; and (c) the use of legume species to control weeds and capture nitrogen.

- Project 5: Strengthening minor tropical fruit production
This project aims to test and validate improved varieties and seeds of passion fruit and soursop, and in-vitro slips of pineapple varieties. In addition, it will promote and publish improved production techniques and provide training to farmers in organic production and will test the use of biological pest control in passion fruit and the use of fruit bags in soursop. This project will target Maroon pineapple farmers the Marowijne district and Amerindian pineapple farmers in the Para district. The main soursop producing areas are the districts Saramacca, Wanica, and Coronie.

- Project 6: Institutional capacity building
This project aims to: (a) introduce a project planning, management and evaluation culture within the Agricultural Research Sub-Directorate of LVV; (b) provide support to the newly established National Agricultural Innovation Board; (c) establish a modern media unit at the agricultural extension division; and (d) train staff. In addition, the project will provide support to LVV to improve its internal pesticide management practices at LVV extension facilities, ADRON and other institutions that participate in the Agricultural Innovation Component.

- Project 7: Funding window for small agricultural innovation projects
Part of the budget of the Agricultural Innovation Component will be invested in a funding pool for future small agricultural innovation projects. A selection mechanism will be established to secure an appropriate and efficient selection process.
Objective The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the Suriname Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (MAAHF/LVV) aim to increase competitiveness of the agricultural sector by supporting improvements in animal health, plant health and food safety and by promoting agricultural innovation through research and technology transfer projects.
Setup and activities Inter-American Development Bank: US$ 17,500,000,-
(Expected) Results 1. Improved use of natural capital
2. Increase in exporting ability
3. Improved provision of Plant Health Services
4. Improved provision of Animal Health Services
5. Improved provision of Food Safety Services
6. Improved Agricultural Research and Extension Services
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 311 Agriculture
1.2 Institutional dimension Transparency & governance
Policy Development
Organizational change & learning
1.4 Target group(s) 1. Local communities
5. Decision makers/Policymakers
2. SMEs/Private sector
6. General public/Opinion makers
4. Research community
2.1 Production System 6. Livestock system
2.2 Production Chain 2. Production & Management
8. Quality Control
3. Pest & Disease Control
9. Consumption/Product Use
6. Processing
2.3 Commodity group Livestock
2.4 Food Crops Rice (Oryza)
Eggplant (Solanum)
5.1 Sustainability Issues 5. Technology
6. Services
Role Person name
Project leader person details R. Nojodimedjo