||Suriname is an upper-middle income country with a per capita income of USD 9.500; GDP for 2015 totaled USD 5.15 billion (World Bank). Agriculture is the second sector of the economy, accounting for 10% of total export earnings and employing approximately 8% of the labor of the total force. Rice and bananas are the main crops, followed by fish & shrimps, vegetables and fruits. The agricultural sector consists of approximately 10.000-12.000 small holders (rice, bananas, poultry, cattle, pigs, and small ruminants), providing employment and income to some 17% of the economically active population.
Between 2010 and 2014, Suriname’s ranking in the International Trade Centre’s General Index of Export Performance fell from 132nd to 139th out of 180 in terms of fresh food competitiveness (ITC, 2015). Annually 16,700 ha of forest are being cleared for agricultural purposes, representing almost 0.3 ha of forest per inhabitant of the interior (CELOS, 2012). Poverty headcount is estimated to be 8.2% in 2006 (UNDP).
In the framework of the cooperation with the European Commission, the National Indicative Programme (NIP) in (EC) under the 11th European Development Fund (2014-2020) of € 13 million was entirely allocated to the Agriculture sector. During its November 2016 meeting, the EDF Committee approved an Action Document (FED/2016/039-784), detailing the main areas to be covered. The project, initially called Suriname Agriculture Development Project, aims at increased more competitive and safe production of selected crops through an enabling environment and enhanced capacities of private sector and institutions.
The FAO has been identified by the Government and the EC as implementing partner. Main institutional partners will be the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries (LVV), as lead counterpart, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Trade and Industry, the Ministry of Finance (National Authorizing Officer), the Ministry of Regional Development, the Bureau of Standards. Additional non-Government counterparts are the Suriname Business Forum, the Chamber of Commerce, the Agriculture Federation of Suriname, and academic and training institutions.
Project outline and structure
The project has three components:
1) Sustainable production and value chain development with three sub-components:
a) Improved market access to market (export) standards for small-scale farmers and agribusinesses with targeted investments and loans;
b) Business and financial management skills for farmers & agribusinesses improved;
c) Quality production supported through introduction of improved technologies and effective extension services to farmers;
2) Strengthening food safety capacities and standards and their application to the private sector, with three sub-components:
a) Inter-institutional coordination, dialogue and legislative and regulatory framework for national food safety standards;
b) national laboratories capacity for food safety monitoring and certification;
c) sustainability of food safety investments and enabling environment;
3) Project coordination, management and implementation.
The FAO will provide assistance to small-scale farmers (individuals and groups) to increase productivity and competitiveness using improved technologies and innovative approaches along the value chain. SAMAP will stimulate and support win-win partnerships between small-scale farmers and agribusinesses to ensure sustainable market access. Emphasis will be placed on fruits and vegetables, as well as non-timber forest products (NTFP) and processing of root crops in selected interior communities. The FAO will include strategies to ensure inclusion and strengthening capacities of women, small farmers, youth, farmer groups and cooperatives, as well as strengthening the capacity of extension officers in provision of services related to value creation, marketing and financial management.
||The project Suriname Agriculture Market Access Project (SAMAP) will enhance sustainable agricultural development for inclusive growth and employment. The main impact indicator is to increase the level of assets/income of targeted smallholders by at least 15% in real terms. The project aims at increased, more competitive and safer production of selected crops (particularly fruits and vegetables) through an enabling environment and enhanced capacities of private sector and institutions.
|Setup and activities
||11th European Development Fund (US 13,696,000)
||Two main results are expected:
a) Increased horticultural production and sustainable market-access achieved for 1000 small-scale farmers
- Component 1 of SAMAP aims at: a) working with at least 1000 small farmers (directly or through farmer groups), of which at least 30% will be women; b) assisting 100 farmer organizations and agri-businesses in improving their market access by achieving quality production and, processing and improved competitive position and c) supporting at least 15 agribusinesses with obtaining a bank loan.
b) Improved food safety capacities and standards for private sector and public institutions.
- Component 2 aims at: a) setting up a food safety coordination mechanism for national dialogue to support decision-making and developing food safety standards, in accordance to Codex Alimentarius guidance; and b) enhancing food safety laboratory operations.
|1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD)
|1.4 Target group(s)
||2. SMEs/Private sector
4. Research community
1. Local communities
|2.1 Production System
||2. Mixed cropping system
|2.2 Production Chain
|2.3 Commodity group