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Activity Proposed: Sustainable Agricultural Productivity Program SU-L1052
Country Suriname
Last update: 11/10/2018
Lead organisation organisation details Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries
Coordinator person details R. Nojodimedjo
Budget US - US Dollar 30,000,000
Countries: Suriname 
Url lvv.getopensocial.com/node/93 
Email raymon.nojodimedjo@yahoo.com
Summary IDB loan for the strengthening of 2 components in the agricultural sector.

Component 1: Irrigation and Drainage (I&D)
The component seeks to improve water management in the Nickerie irrigation district in order to contribute to increased agricultural productivity and reduced government expenditures. The program will finance:
-1 Irrigation and drainage infrastructure works, including the rehabilitation of current structures (primary and secondary structures, including those within Water Boards
-2 Institutional strengthening of Water Boards
-3 Co-finance in first three years the costs of O&M costs of eligible Water Boards
-4 Incentive for technology adoption by Water Board farmers, including land levelling, pesticide and fertilizer management
-5 Capacity building in I&D management
-6 A study on the environmental characterization of the Nani swamp and a hydrological model of the water basin related to the Nickerie irrigation district.

Component 2: Agricultural Statistics and Information
The component seeks to strengthen the Division of Agricultural Statistics (DAS) of the LVV by supporting its efforts to improve its existing information system and analytical capabilities. This component will include financing for:
-1 The execution of an Agricultural Census
-2 Two probabilistic-sample surveys, based on the sample frame that the census will provide
-3 Institutional strengthening activities.
-4 annual update of the estimates of the public support to the agriculture sector.
Background The Government of Suriname requested the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) support for the preparation and financing of a Sustainable Agricultural Productivity Program. The Government recognizes that the country has the potential to significantly increase agricultural output, become a provider of food to the Caribbean Region and reduce food imports.

The program will focus on 2 areas:

Irrigation and Drainage (I&D)
Rice, Suriname’s most important agricultural crop and staple food, has an average yield of 4.8 t/ha, while current potential is 6 t/ha, according to the rice research center in Nickerie, SNRI/ADRON. Compared to best performers in the region, yield gaps are 75% for rice, 101% for tubers and 150% for oranges. Poor agricultural performance is aggravated by weak irrigation and drainage management. Approximately 85% of the land deemed suitable for agricultural production is in the coastal plains, mainly in the Districts of Nickerie, Coronie, Saramacca, and Commewijne. These areas face two challenges:
(1.) a dry season with water shortages
(2.) a rainy season causing excess water on agricultural land, thus requiring I&D infrastructure for commercial agriculture. Large sections of the I&D infrastructure are in disrepair, absorbing constant government resources to keep a minimum level afloat. Adding to these challenges are the potential effects of climate change), particularly rising sea levels causing seawater intrusion in I&D systems. Furthermore, climatic events, such as changes in precipitation patterns, have been linked to lower productivity in the sector.

A key constraint to improved I&D management lies in users not participating in managing the systems and covering operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. O&M costs of I&D primary and secondary infrastructure (outside farmers’ plots) have been traditionally covered by the Government, causing a significant and unsustainable fiscal burden. Following international best practices and considering budgetary restrictions, the Government seeks to transfer the O&M of the secondary infrastructure to farmers organized in Water Boards. The proposed operation will provide key support to this important reform.

Agricultural Statistics and Information
Availability of relevant agriculture statistics and information for policy-making and investment promotion is limited. Institutional strengthening, data collection, analysis and dissemination plans need to be drafted and implemented. Improved statistical information are fundamental to manage and make better decisions on public and private sector agricultural investments in Suriname, particularly regarding production within I&D systems where most of the country´s grain production takes place. The last agricultural census was conducted in 2008. FAO 2015 highlights the importance of periodic up-to-date information on the agricultural sector, while the Governments Policy Development Plan (PDP) 2017-2021 reflects on the need to upgrade agricultural information systems for improved decision making. The Agriculture Programmatic Policy Based Loans (PBP series) supported the drafting of some of the methodologies, plans and manuals for data collection as well as initial staff training. To fully implement these measures, amongst other investments, the Government of Suriname needs to update its information base through a new agricultural census.

Project outline and structure:
The IDB loan will structure its operations along 2 components:

Component 1: Irrigation and Drainage (I&D)
The component seeks to improve water management in the Nickerie irrigation district in order to contribute to increased agricultural productivity and reduced government expenditures. The program will finance:
1. Irrigation and drainage infrastructure works, including the rehabilitation of current structures (primary and secondary structures,
including those within Water Boards
2. Institutional strengthening of Water Boards
3. Co-finance in first three years the costs of O&M costs of eligible Water Boards
4. Incentive for technology adoption by Water Board farmers, including land levelling, pesticide and fertilizer management
5. Capacity building in I&D management
6. A study on the environmental characterization of the Nani swamp and a hydrological model of the water basin related to the
Nickerie irrigation district.

Component 2: Agricultural Statistics and Information
The component seeks to strengthen the Division of Agricultural Statistics (DAS) of the LVV by supporting its efforts to improve its existing information system and analytical capabilities. This component will include financing for:
1. The execution of an Agricultural Census
2. Two probabilistic-sample surveys, based on the sample frame that the census will provide
3. Institutional strengthening activities.
4. Annual update of the estimates of the public support to the agriculture sector.
Objective The objective of the proposed Program will be to increase agricultural productivity in Suriname through investments in infrastructure and management of Irrigation and Drainage (I&D) systems in the main production areas in the country; and to improve the quality of available agriculture statistics for decision and policy making in Agriculture.
Setup and activities Inter-American Development Bank: US$ 30,000,000
(Expected) Results The expected results are:
a. increased agricultural productivity in I&D areas
b. improved water management within I&D areas
c. operating water boards (WB) contributing to operation and maintenance (O&M)
d. improved statistics and information systems
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 311 Agriculture
1.2 Institutional dimension Policy Development
1.4 Target group(s) 2. SMEs/Private sector
5. Decision makers/Policymakers
3. Intermediary organisations
6. General public/Opinion makers
1. Local communities
4. Research community
2.1 Production System 2. Mixed cropping system
Irrigated system
7. Shifting cultivation
3. Crop- Livestock system
Rainfed system
1. Mono-culture
6. Livestock system
2.2 Production Chain 9. Consumption/Product Use
2. Production & Management
7. Marketing
4. Harvesting
8. Quality Control
1. Input Supply & Use
6. Processing
2.3 Commodity group Food crops
Livestock
Fishery products
3.1 Natural Resource Mgmt. Water mgmt
3. Lake mgmt
2. Watershed/ River Basin mgmt
Role Person name
Project leader person details R. Nojodimedjo
Role Type Title Download
Project Description Project report output details Environmental and Social Analysis 2,488kb
Project Description Project report output details Environmental and Social Analysis Summary 146kb
Project Description Project report output details Milieu en Sociale Analyse Samenvatting 539kb
Project Description Project report output details Project profile IDB SU-L1052 1,034kb