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Resource EVOLVING FROM SHIFTING AGRICULTURE TOWARDS AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS IN SURINAME:
Type Working paper
Last update: 06/12/2018
Type: Working paper
Language English
Year of publication: 2018
Authors: Ministry of Regional Development
Target countries: Suriname
Download: 134kb
Summary Agriculture plays an important socio-economic role in Suriname. It generates 11-12% of national employment, 6-7% of the GDP, and more than 12% of total export earnings. In the past thirty years the performance of the sector has been erratic, showing a slowdown pattern in agricultural growth during the 90s and slow recovery at the beginning of the past decade. As a result, in 2010 the national agricultural output was still below the level reached in 1991. During this period, cultivated area shrank by 33%, physical yields of traditional agricultural sub-sectors stagnated, and as a whole the sector showed a low rate of growth in total factor productivity (TFP of 1% during the period 2001-2007, which is half the average LAC rate during this period). In this setting, the Government of Suriname (GoS) acknowledges that a revitalized, more productive, and diversified agricultural sector will contribute to reducing macro-economic uncertainty by insuring against downside risks and external shocks, improve food security, and provide opportunities for employment and income generation that will help to alleviate poverty in rural areas where about 50% of Surinamese live.
Key priorities of the Government include increasing the production of banana and rice and improved production of other crops geared for export with this being driven through the private sector, followed by horticultural production (small-scale, but knowledge and capital intensive), and estate crops such as oil palm and sugarcane (large scale, capital intensive / foreign investors).
National initiatives are being taken to achieve an adaptation of existing concepts and tools to include food production in the interior of Suriname. This aims to protect the Surinamese forestry, which is 95% of the total area of Suriname.
In order to improve the agroforestry production in the interior and protect the forest, the production system should be adopted. Local communities and public sector stakeholders require technical assistance in facing these emerging challenges.
Role Organisation
Author Organisation organisation details Ministerie van Regionale Ontwikkeling
Network Organisation organisation details Food & Nutrition Security-Suriname netwerk
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 140 Water supply and sanitation
120 Health
150 Government and civil society
220 Communications
130 Population Policies/ Programs& Reprod. health
312 Forestry  
1.2 Institutional dimension Knowledge Management & Communication
Legislation & law enforcement
Social- livelihood systems/ Gender
Finance & Credit  
1.3 Natural dimension Climate/Air  
1.4 Target group(s) 1. Local communities
2. SMEs/Private sector
3. Intermediary organisations  
2.1 Production System 1. Mono-culture
2. Mixed cropping system  
2.2 Production Chain 1. Input Supply & Use
2. Production & Management  
2.3 Commodity group Forest Products
Food crops  
2.5a Agro-Ecology: Thermal zone 1: Tropical
2: Subtropics  
3.1 Natural Resource Mgmt. 1. Natural forest Mgmt
2. Watershed/ River Basin mgmt  
3.2 Pollution-Environmental Protection 5. Wastes
2. Air
3. Ecosystems
1. Water
4. Human health  
5.1 Sustainability Issues 1. Socio-economic Context
2. Institutional Context  
5.2 Content Development 2. Radio
6. Local language  
5.3 Service Delivery Channel 3. Mobile Service