|Year of publication:
||IDB-Sandra Whiting, Environmental Consultant
||The Inter-American Development Bank has established policy directives requiring the evaluation of environmental and social impacts of projects and the development of environmental and social management plans that identify necessary measures to mitigate potential adverse impacts of proposed operations and the institutional mechanisms for carrying them out.
Following the requirements of the Bank’s Environment and Safeguard Compliance Policy (OP703) the project team screened and classified this Project using its Safeguard Policy Filter. The team found the Project to be classified in category “B” which relates to “operations that are likely to cause mostly local and short-term negative environmental and social impacts and for which effective mitigation measures are readily available”. More specifically it was determined that the following directives and policies7 applied to the Program: making Program documents available to the public; evaluating risks of natural disasters; assessing ways to promote climate change adaptation; ensuring compliance with country laws and regulations related to the environment, gender issues, and indigenous people’s rights; assessing risks related to weak institutional capacity for environmental management; conducting an environmental assessment; carrying out stakeholder consultation; ensuring provisions for supervision and compliance monitoring during Program execution; managing hazardous materials; ensuring pollution prevention and abatement; and considering environmentally responsible procurement, where appropriate. Section X of this report presents an explanation of how the ESA and the Environmental and Social Management Plan for the Program will ensure compliance with the afore-mentioned policies.
Category B operations require the analysis of socio-environmental impacts and risks that focus on the specific issues identified in the safeguards filter report. This analysis includes the following elements:
• analysis of proposed project activities to identify potential environmental or socio-cultural impacts or risks, including the mitigation measures to manage them;
• analysis (using secondary sources) of the hydrological and ecological resources potentially impacted in the area of the project;
• assessment of gender or vulnerable populations that could be affected by the project;
• evaluation of disaster risk to and from the project;
• consideration of climate change implications of the project and of climate resilience opportunities for the project;
• analysis of local environmental and social laws and policies, how they apply to the Project;
• evaluation of institutional capacity for socio-environmental management, specific mechanisms for socio-environmental management of this project, and recommendations for improving socio-environmental management in LVV;
• development of actions necessary to avoid, reduce or mitigate the identified significant adverse impacts and risks; and
• preparation of an environmental and social management plan (ESMP), which includes identification of institutional responsibilities, budget, schedule, and mechanisms for monitoring implementation of the plan.
• A stakeholder mapping and consultation plan, including the identification of indigenous groups in the direct and indirect area of influence of the program
Purpose and Content of the Environmental and Social Analysis Report
The purpose of this report is to present the findings of the socio-environmental analysis; describe the public consultation process; identify mitigation measures for significant adverse impacts; identify management measures for reducing risks; and present an Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) to be included in the operation’s operating manual.
This report presents:
• a description of the proposed components and activities;
• a summary of the relevant institutional and legal framework for environmental and social management in Suriname, as well as a discussion of international standards for environmentally sustainable irrigated rice production;
• a description of the environmental socio-economic and agricultural setting in Suriname and specifically in Nickerie, which is the priority area identified for the Irrigation and Drainage Component;
• a discussion of potential social and environmental impacts and risks of anticipated investments and the measures to mitigate or reduce adverse impacts and risks;
• Assessments of disaster risks and climate change impacts and adaptation opportunities;
• an Environmental and Social Management Plan that includes management measures, execution mechanisms and responsibilities, provisions for monitoring the implementation of the plan, and a budget; and
• a description of the existing and planned consultation processes with affected parties (note that the final version of this report will include a summary of comments received, as well as changes to the Project as a result of consultations).
|1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD)
||430xx Climate Change Adaptation
140 Water supply and sanitation
|1.3 Natural dimension
|3.1 Natural Resource Mgmt.