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||Suriname’s agricultural sector is envisaged to undergo a significant transformation from one that is currently primarily subsistence in nature into a commercial knowledge-driven sector that employs modern science-based techniques and technology in primary and value added food production and trade. Towards this end, national agricultural sector goals have been identified as:
1) The achievement of national food security based predominantly upon the local production of food consistent with international agricultural health and food safety standards
2) To Increase the agricultural sector’s contribution to the national economy through, inter alia, increased output, trade and employment
3) The development of a sustainable agricultural sector, the output of which enhances the supply of food requirements of the Caribbean Community
4) The promotion of institutional and infrastructural arrangements that stimulate the continued development of the agricultural sector
5) The mitigation of adverse any conditions and risks in implementing the promotion of growth in the agricultural sector
The areas focus within the sector are:
Horticulture (inclusive of fruits, vegetables, floriculture and beekeeping)
Animal husbandry (inclusive of beef, dairy, pig, poultry, and small ruminants)
Fisheries (inclusive of aquaculture)
Agriculture information and support services inclusive of marketing, research, extension and training, seed supply)
Physical infrastructure to support agricultural production
Agricultural development in the interior
Agricultural research (production specific)
Value added and agro processing, and
Complementary food safety systems and infrastructure to support conformity with international agricultural health and food safety standards
In relation to these foci, some general targets have been identified, namely:
1) A 20% annual increase in rice production from a base of 271,665 metric tonnes in 2015
2) The promotion of diversification and improved production in a recently privatised banana industry. Anticipated 2015 productivity was projected in excess of 2,700 boxes /ha with associated foreign exchange earnings in the vicinity of USD 50.0 million
3) Horticulture subsector growth that results in, inter alia, increased supply of fruits on the domestic market and increased exports of selected vegetables. Annual growth target for fruits and vegetables projected at 6%
4) Livestock subsector growth pertaining to improved production of beef cattle, dairy, poultry, pigs, and small ruminants; associated with improved genetic stock and feed supply. Among the targets are: sustainable annual cattle slaughter rate of 100,000; production of 1,600 breeding animals per year; annual increase of 10% grass land among small farmers (> 10 ha.); and improved carcass quality among pigs and small ruminants
5) Design and implementation of a fisheries management plan (FMPs) incorporating sustainable harvesting of marine fisheries resources as well as the promotion of growth in aquaculture. With respect to the marine fisheries, the target is to implement FMPs in order to sustain catches at the 2011 level of 36,225 tonnes
6) Development and delivery of agriculture support services relating to marketing, research, extension and training, as well as food safety and agriculture health certification. No quantifiable targets are associated with this goal. Goal effectiveness can be evaluated by assessing impact on the productive areas
In relation to each of the above product areas the intention is to promote the development and establishment of value chains to the extent possible. In this regard, a market led approach will be pursued in which the respective producers will be encouraged to respond to consumers’ requirements (in both domestic and export markets), for products and their associated quality and delivery standards.
The preparation of the NAPAP has taken into account the current status of the agricultural sector of Suriname, and included a review and analysis of agricultural policy documents proposed over the recent past, namely: The 2010 White Paper series; the Policy Note 2010-2015, the President’s Note-October 2015 and the National Agricultural Master Plan 2015. From these there was a distillation and summary of pertinent policy issues related to the areas of focus.
The approach of producers, especially in relation to their decision making regarding agricultural investment is presented. Also discussed is the nexus and juxtaposition of Suriname’s policy proposals with those of the Caribbean Community Agricultural Policy (CAP), the Regional Food and Nutrition Policy, and the commodities identified for regional policy intervention (cassava, small ruminants, herbs and spices).
A discussion of administrative and technical support and oversight arrangements in support of the NAPAP is also presented. This is followed by the key recommendations pertaining to Suriname’s national agricultural plan, outlined in matrices related to the crops and livestock commodities identified from the analysis of the four main policy documents.
The elaboration of some pertinent issues related to the preparation of the NAPAP, including the report of the Validation Workshop, issues relevant to the promotion of agriculture in the Interior Districts and the development of Agro-processing are presented in the Annexes.
|1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD)
|1.2 Institutional dimension
|1.4 Target group(s)
||5. Decision makers/Policymakers
4. Research community
|2.3 Commodity group
|2.4 Food Crops