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Resource National Master Plan for Agricultural Development in Suriname: Citrus: Lime and Oranges
Type Policy Paper
Last update: 01/03/2018
Type: Policy Paper
Language English
Year of publication: 2016
Citation: Part of the National Master Plan for Agricultural Development in Suriname: 1. Agriculture Developement in Surinam 2. Agriclture-Atlas 3. Agriculture -Executive Summary 4. Aquaculture Business Plan 5. Citrus Business Plan 6. Rice Business Plan 7. Vegetable Business Plan
Authors: Kaplan Planners
Target countries: Suriname
Download: 10,619kb
Summary Citrus is an important sector that presents a potential export market and addresses some of Suriname's internal issues such as development of southern districts, creation of jobs and import replacement. There is a need to upgrade quality, but the know-how and market partners are available.
The current citrus production in Suriname is estimated at 20,000 tons annually. Suriname imports 5,000 tons of dried or fresh citrus annually. On top of that, the processed industry imports pulps that travel from Brazil through Europe to Suriname. Therefore, there is room for reducing both fresh and processed citrus by producing them locally.
One of the main limitations of citrus production in Suriname is the relatively low yield per hectare. Even in the most efficient regions, Para and Saramacca, the productivity is still less than 15 tons per hectare. Grapefruit production is concentrated in Commewijne. Orange production is mainly concentrated in Saramacca and Wanica. The plan is to increase the yield to 30-40 tons per Ha, and some of which will be ready to harvest much earlier in the season.
The first farm will include cultivation of up to 100 hectares, to be newly planted as follows: 50 hectares of two species of lime, Tahiti and Mexican, half of which will be grafted to Macrophylla and the other half to Rangpur (Cravo) lime. Lime is to be planted with spacing of 5 x 2.0 meters, which is 1,000 trees per hectare, in plots five meters wide, with one row in the center of each plot on a raised bed. 50 hectares of Valencia, Pera, Hamlin and Pineapple oranges are to be grafted onto Rangpur (Cravo) rootstock. Those are four good varieties for juice as well as for fresh consumption. Oranges are to be planted with spacing of 5 x 2.5 meters, which is 800 trees per hectare, on plots arranged similarly to those of the limes.
The plan includes investments related to the post-harvest handling: two packing houses which include offices, a pavilion, a sorting array room and a cold storage room, and a small locale processing unit is able to extract the juice of limes and oranges.
Annual production is expected to be 4,000 tons, with 50% of that for export, 25% for the local consumer market and 25% for industry. The labor force will consist of 46 direct workers. The farm model requires a total investment of SRD 7.3 M in its first three years. The farm is evaluated at SRD 22 M, assuming tax free activity, with a period of return of six years.
The orchard will be used as a model for other areas. A number of parameters will be examined, such as specific species, appropriate rootstock, preparation of the land, and correct planting and care that will lead to a good yield and overall financial profitability of the orchard. Clearly, replication in other areas will be made with necessary changes, according to the differences in soil and water composition and other conditions.
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 311 Agriculture  
1.3 Natural dimension Water
Land/Soils  
2.1 Production System 1. Mono-culture  
2.2 Production Chain 3. Pest & Disease Control
6. Processing
1. Input Supply & Use
4. Harvesting
8. Quality Control
2. Production & Management
5. Storage  
2.4 Food Crops Citrus (Citrus)