|Year of publication:
||Preparation of Sub-Sector White Papers FAO Project TCP/SUR/3301. Dit beleidswitboek is onderdeel van de serie beleidswitboeken van het ministerie van Landbouw, Veeteelt en Visserij. De reeks bestaat uit: Tuinbouw Rijst Bananen Visserij & aquacultuur Agribusiness Agrarische gezondheid en voedselveiligheid Landbouwontwikkeling Binnenland Veeteelt.
||The policy for the fisheries subsector is prepared in two volumes. White Paper Volume 1: Subsector Fisheries 2012 -2016 outlines the overall fisheries policy, strategies and priority programmes. As indicated in Volume 1, the policies and programmes for aquaculture development are elaborated in Volume 2: White Paper Aquaculture 2012 -2016, because of its distinctive character and its great potential and opportunities to contribute sustainably to food security, social and economic development of Suriname.
Aquaculture is the fastest growing enterprise in the agricultural sector in the world today. Production from capture fisheries is currently at maximum level of exploitation. If the current per capita consumption of fish and fisheries products is to be maintained in 2030, 137.5 million tonnes of fish will be required, an additional 27.1 million tonnes from the 2006 level. This additional 27.1 million tonnes will have to come from Aquaculture.
In Suriname, aquaculture is mainly focused on the cultivation of tilapia, shrimp and swamp fish on a small scale with a small number of large scale operations. Suriname does have the potential to increase its aquaculture production of shrimp and fish. A small number of individuals are involved small-scale aquaculture for their own consumption or as a hobby. The species grown are primarily swamp fish like tilapia (Oreochromis spp.), Krobia (Cichlidae spp.) and Kwi-kwi and (Hoplosternum littorale). However the majority of these activities are not registered under the Fisheries Directorate, so any assistance needed cannot be provided.
The aquaculture sector in Suriname is faced with a number of challenges and constraints, of which the following are the most significant;
1) High cost of inputs
The cost of inputs for his sector, such as feed, labor, energy and other materials necessary in the exploitation are very high. Locally available materials are usually of inferior quality, for a high price.
2) Limited export opportunities
The possibilities for export are low, due to high cost for transport and the highly competitive nature of the world market (e.g. tilapia)
3) Value adding
The majority of aquaculture products are exported whole or fresh on ice, which yields a relatively low price on the world market.
4) Domestic support measures
Supporting measures from the government’s side are currently not sufficient
Financing possibilities are limited, and if available it is usually against a high interest which can cause liquidity problems for aquaculture companies/-farms.
6) Private-public sector partnership
Collaboration between the private and public sector is currently on a satisfactory level, but there is always room to improve this relationship.
In order to reach a sustainable development of the aquaculture sector in Suriname, the following actions have been proposed;
1. Adoption of aquaculture legislation
2. Lowering the cost of feed for the aquaculture sector
3. Inventory of pollution in Surinamese rivers
4. Zoning for agricultural areas including aquaculture
5. Setting up an aquaculture research and training center
6. Setting up an aquaculture information system
7. Setting up a monitoring system for aquatic animal diseases
The actions proposed in the white paper are the cornerstones of a sustainable increase of aquaculture production in Suriname. Due to their character, these actions have been identified by the directorate of fisheries as the priority actions that need to be undertaken. The proposed actions can all be achieved in the period of 2012-2016, taking into account the financial aspect of these projects/actions.
|1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD)
|1.2 Institutional dimension
Legislation & law enforcement
|2.3 Commodity group