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Resource From Workfare to Fair Work
Type Working paper
Last update: 25/05/2011
Type: Working paper
Language English
Year of publication: 2002
Authors: Stephen Devereux
Download: www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/..
Summary This paper adopts a broad definition of employment programmes ‘to include all employment and/or
labour intensive, public-works type, programmes’. Yet, more importantly the paper draws a basic
distinction between two types of publicly-funded employment programmes. The first type, labourintensive
employment programmes, maximise short-term employment creation, usually as a response
to crisis or as a self-targeting means of identifying the poor for income transfers. The second type,
labour-based employment programmes focus as much attention on the objective of asset creation –
especially infrastructure creation or maintenance – as on the objective of employment creation. In
order to capture the distinction between these two types of public works programmes, the paper uses
the terms ‘employment-based safety nets’ (EBSN) to represent the former and ‘labour-based
infrastructure programmes’ (LBIP) to represent the latter.
Role Organisation
Network Organisation organisation details Fair Price and Fair Wages
List Keywords
1.1 Socio- economic Sector (OECD) 331 Trade  
1.2 Institutional dimension Social- livelihood systems/ Gender  
1.4 Target group(s) 2. SMEs/Private sector
6. General public/Opinion makers  
2.2 Production Chain 2. Production & Management
8. Quality Control
6. Processing
9. Consumption/Product Use
7. Marketing