TeleSupport India Repository

Solution Rejuvenation of old and senile orchard with special reference to guava
Country India
Last update: 20/10/2006
Summary Most of the fruit bearing trees are perennial in nature and provides fruit over a long period. However, productivity declines with the ageing of plants. Many orchard owners simply desert the existing orchard and go for a new one. However, some simple management practices can rejuvenate the old trees and make it profitable again. Vegetative propagation can accompany these practices to enhance productivity and diversity. By this time, preparation for another orchard can take place.
forum discussion www.telesupport.org/simplemachines/index.php?topic=255.0 
Contributed by person details Dr. Rupak Goswami (CI, TeleSupport India)
Challenge/Issue Most of the fruit bearing plants are perennial in nature and provides fruit over a long period. However, productivity declines with the ageing of plants. Different factors can be attributed to this reduction in productivity like, ageing of plant, large number of unwanted branches, insect-pest attack, old and poor-yielding variety etc. Many orchard owners simply desert the existing orchard and go for a new one. This has several disadvantages, as it will take a long time to establish a new orchard; it is costly and will occupy a piece of land without returning significantly for long time.
Method Detect the trees whose yield has been drastically reduced.
Cut off the portion above 1-1.5 meter from ground of the detected trees. This should be done in the month of April-May.
By the month of August-September, numerous young branches (50 cm) will arrive near the cut portion of the trunk. Cut these young branches from the middle, which will result in further emergence of braches near the cut portion. This will give nice shape to the trees.
New branches, which will arrive from the second cutting in August-September, bear the inflorescence of rainy season fruits. If rainy season fruit is not desirable then cut these branches in April-May again. Now these will bear winter season fruits.
This sequence of cutting will continue every year.
Clear the base of the trees, pulverize the surrounding soil and apply manures and fertilizers (50 kg Farm Yard Manure, 2 kg Urea, 2 kg Single Super Phosphate and 500 g Muriate of Potash) and irrigation.

** Acknowledgement: Rejuvenation of old and senile orchards, CISH, Lucknow
Ramkrishna Ashram KVK, Nimpith
Rathindra KVK, PSB, Shriniketan
Lessons learned Using sharp saw instead of axe or daa (handheld cutting tool made and used locally) is always beneficial as it results in less shock and injury to the trees.
Sometimes leaving an old branch is helpful while eliminating the others. This helps the trees to continue photosynthesis.
Young branches are always more prone to insect and disease attack.
Application of copper fungicide (Bordeaux mixture, Cu-oxychloride) is essential to thwart fungal infection.
Weed removal and irrigation is beneficial before the elimination of the branches.
List Keywords
1.4 Target group(s) 1. Local communities
2.2 Production Chain 2. Production & Management
Stage Country Region Location
Apply India West Bengal Ghoragacha, Madandanga
Role Person name
Describer person details Dr. Rupak Goswami
Role Organisation Acronym
Publisher organisation details Change Initiatives CI
Network Organisation organisation details TeleSupport India Network TeleSupport India
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